since 2/28/2000

Bibliography of Books and Articles about Industrial Relations in Japan

Table of Contents


This bibliography covers books, dissertations, chapters of edited volumes, journal articles concerning industrial relations, labor history, labor politics, and other labor-related topics in Japan. All books and articles listed here are written in English. Some of books and articles are annotated. Although this bibliography is not a comprehensive list of references, I will update the list to make it as comperhensive as possible.



Section Two: Chapters in Edited Volumes, Working Papers, Journal Articles



Table of Contents

General Literature Survey

  1. McCormick, Kevin (2007): "Sociologists and 'Japanese model': a passing enthusiasm?" Work, employment and society. vol21. No.4: 751-771.

  2. Shimada, Haruo (1983): "Japanese Industrial Relations- A New General Model? A Survey of the English Language Literature," in Taishiro Shirai (ed.) Contemporary Industrial Relations in Japan. University of Wisconsin Press.

  3. Shire, Karen A. (2003): "Recent German Research on Japanese Labor and Economic Institutions." Social Science Japan Journal. Vol.6, No.1: 97-104.

  4. Suzuki, Akira (2003): "Review Article: Industrial Relations in the Automobile and Steel industries." (translated by Izumi Nakayama) East Asia: Comparative Perspective. Vol.1 (Institute for East Asian Studies Dong-A University): 205-239.


    Table of Contents

    Chapters and Articles published Before 1980

  5. Cole, Robert E. (1970): "Japanese Workers, Unions, and the Marxist Appeal." The Japan Interpreter. Vol.6, No.2: 114-134.

  6. Cole, Robert E. (1978): "The Late Developer Hypothesis: An Evaluation of Its Relevance for Japanese Employment Practices", Journal of Japanese Studies. 4: 247-65.

  7. Dore, Ronald (1979): "More on Late Development", Journal of Japanese Studies. 5: 137-51.

  8. Dore, Ronald (1979): "Industrial Relations in Japan and Elsewhere", in Albert M. Craig, ed., Japan: A Comparative View. Princeton: Princeton University Press: 325-61.

  9. Galenson, Walter and Konosuke Odaka (1979): "The Japanese Labor Market," in H. Patrick and H. Rosovsky (eds.) Asia's New Giant: How the Japanese Economy Works.Wachington D.C.: The Brooklings Institution.

  10. Hazama, Hiroshi (1976): "Formation of An Industrial Work Force: Historical Changes in the Life Style of Industrial Workers," in Hugh Patrick (ed.) Japanese Industrialization and Its Social Consequences, Berkeley: University of California Press.

  11. Jacoby, Sanford (1979): "The Origins of Internal Labor Markets in Japan," Industrial Relations, Vol.18, No.2: 184-196.

  12. Kawada, Hisashi (1966): "The Government, Industrial Relations and Economic Development in Japan." In Arthur M. Ross (ed.) Industrial Relations and Economic Development. London: Macmillan.

  13. Kawada, Hisashi (1973): "Post-War Labor Movements in Japan." In Adolf Sturmthal and James G. Scoville (eds.) The International Labor Movement in Transition: Essays on Africa, Asia, Europe, and South America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

  14. Koike, Kazuo (1978): "Internal Labor Markets and Industrial Relations Systems on the Shop Floor in Japan," Keizai Kagaku (The Economic Science, the faculty of economics Nagoya University), Vol.25, No.3: 1-29.

  15. Koshiro, Kazutoshi (1979): "Japan's Labor Unions: The Meeting of White and Blue Collar." In Japan Culture Institute (ed.) Politics and Economics in Contemporary Japan. Tokyo: Japan Culture Institute.

  16. Large, Stephen (1979):"Perspectives on the Failure of the Labour Movement in Pre-war Japan."Labour History, (Australia) No.37.

  17. Levine S.B. (1965): "Labor markets and collective bargaining in Japan" in W.W. Lockwood (ed.) The State and Economic Enterprise in Postwar Japan, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

  18. Numata, Inejiro and Wakao Fujita (1964): "Problems of the Second Union," translated and edited by Tokio Watanabe and George Yamamoto, East-West Center.

  19. Odaka, Kunio (1950): "An Iron Workers' Community in Japan: A Study in the Sociology of Industrial Groups," American Sociological Review., Vol.15.

  20. Odaka, Kunio (1954): "Industrial Workers' Identification with Union and Management in Postwar Japan," American Journal of Sociology (Spring, 1954).

  21. Okamoto, Hideaki (1979): "Japan." In Benjamin C. Roberts (ed.), Toward Industrial Democracy: Europe, Japan and the United States. London: Croom Helm.

  22. Shiota, Shohei (1964): "The Problem of the Second Union in the Niigata District Headquarters of the National Railway Workers Union." A translation of "Kokutetsu Roso Niigata Chihon no Daini Kumiai Mondai," translated by Harue Fujii and edited by George Yamamoto, East-West Center.

  23. Shirai, Taishiro and Haruo Shimada (1978): "Japan," in John T. Dunlop and Walter Galenson (eds.) Labor in the Twentieth Century. New York: Academic Press.

  24. Taira, Koji (1973): "Labor Markets, Unions, and Employers in Inter-War Japan." In Adolf Sturmthal and James G. Scoville (eds.) The International Labor Movement in Transition: Essays on Africa, Asia, Europe, and South America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.





    Table of Contents

    Labor History

  25. Carlile, Lonny E.(1994):"Sohyo versus Domei: Competing Labour Movement Strategies in the Era of High Growth in Japan."Japan Forum. Vol.6, No.2: 145-157.
    This paper examines worldviews and strategic orientations of three most influential union leaders in the 1950s and 1960s, Iwai Akira, Ohta Kaoru, and Takita Minoru.

  26. Garon, Sheldon M.(1984): "The Imperial Bureaucracy and Labor Policy in Postwar Japan." Journal of Asian Studies. Vol.XLIII, No.3: 441-457.
    This paper discusses the continuity of labor policies between the pre-1945 era and the post 1945 era.

  27. Gordon, Andrew (1987): "The Right to Work in Japan: Labor and the State in the Depression."Social Research 54, 2: 247-272.

  28. Gordon, Andrew (1989): "Business and the Corporate State: the Business Lobby and Bureaucrats on Labor. 1911-1941." In William D. Wray (ed.) Managing Industrial Enterprise: Case from Japan's Prewar Experience. Cambridge (Mass): Harvard University Press.

  29. Gordon, Andrew (1990): "Japanese Labor Relations During the Twentieth Centruy," Journal of Labor Research, Vol.XI, No.3: 239-252.

  30. Gordon, Andrew (1996): "The Emergence of a Labor-Management Settlement in Japan, 1945-1960."International Labor and Working-Class History, No.50: 133-139.

  31. Gordon, Andrew (1996): "Conditions for Disappearance of the Japanese Working-Class Movement." In Elizabeth J. Perry (ed.) Putting Class in its Place: Worker Identities in East Asia. University of California, Institute of East Asian Studies.

  32. Gordon, Andrew (1997): "Managing the Japanese Household: The New Life Movement in Postwar Japan," Social Politics (Summer 1997): 245-283.

  33. Gordon, Andrew (1998): "The Invention of Japanese Style-Management." In Stephen Valtos (ed.)Mirror of Modernity: Invented Tradition in Modern Japan. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  34. Hunter, Janet (1998): "Textile Employers and Female Workers in Prewar Japan: Economic Imperatives in an Imperfect Labour Market," Keiei Ronshu, (Meiji Business Review), vol.45 No.2,3,4.

  35. Jacoby, Sanford (19??): "Pacific ties: industrial relations and employment systems in Japan and the United States since 1990."

  36. Jeong, Dae Yong and Ruth V. Aguilera. 2008. The Evolution of Enterprise Unionism in Japan: A Socio-Political Perspective. British Journal of Industrial Relations. 46:1.

  37. Komatsu, Ryuji (1994):"The labour movement and the government in Japan." In Jim Hagan and Andrew Wells (eds.), Industrial Relations in Australia and Japan. Allen & Unwin.

  38. Matsumura, Takao (1994):"Labour relations in Japan between the wars." In Jim Hagan and Andrew Wells (eds.), Industrial Relations in Australia and Japan. Allen & Unwin.

  39. Matsuzaki, Hajime (1994):"Employers and employed in Meiji Japan." In Jim Hagan and Andrew Wells (eds.), Industrial Relations in Australia and Japan. Allen & Unwin.

  40. Nakakita, Koji (2008) Incorporating Japanese labor into the Free World: Cold War diplomacy and economic interdependence, 1949-1964. Labor History. Vol.49, No.2: 199-222.

  41. Nimura, Kazuo (1992): "The Asio Riot of 1907: the Traditional Miners' Brotherhood, the Trade Union, the Hanba System and the Company." In Klaus Tenfelde (ed.) Sozialgeschichte des Bergbaus im 19. Und 20. Jahrhundert. Munchen: C.H. Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

  42. Price, John (1991): "Valery Burati and the Formation of Sohyo during the U.S. Occupation of Japan." Pacific Affairs. 64, 2: 208-225.

  43. Smith, Donald W. (2000): "Beyond The Bridge on the River Kwai: Labor Mobilization in the Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere," International Labor and Working Class History, No.58: pp.219-238.

  44. Smith, Thomas C. (1988): "The Right to Benevolence: Dignity and Japanese Workers, 1890-1920." In Native Sources of Japanese Industrialization. Berkeley: University of California Press: 236-270.
    Smith discusses the moral economy of blue collar workers in the late nineteenth century and in the early twentieth century. Workers sought better status and treatments from their employers by evoking the concept of jinkaku, rahter than that of kenri or rights.

  45. Suzuki, Akira. 2006. "The History of Labor in Japan in the Twentieth Century: Cycles of Activism and Acceptance," in Lucassen, Jan (ed.), Global Labour History: A State of the Art. Bern: Peter Lang, 2006.

  46. Thelen, Kathleen and Ikuo Kume (1999): "The Rise of Nonmarket Training Regimes: Germany and Japan Compared," Journal of Japanese Studies, 25:1.

  47. Thelen, Kathleen and Ikuo Kume (2001): "The Rise of Nonliberal Training Regimes: Germany and Japan Compared," in Wolfgang Streeck and Kozo Yamamura (eds.), The Origins of Nonliberal Capitalism Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

  48. Yamamoto, Kiyoshi (1976): " 'Mass Demonstration' Movements in the Postwar Crisis," Annals of the Institute of Social Science, (University of Tokyo) No.17: 51-88.

  49. Yamamoto, Kiyoshi (1993): "The Beginnings of the Labor Movement in Postwar Japan," University of Tokyo Institute of Social Science Occasional Paper in Labor Problem and Social Policy Number 15.

  50. Yonekura, Seiichiro (1993): "Postwar Reform in Management and Labour: The Case of the Steel Industry," Teranishi Juro and Kosai Yutaka (eds.) The Japanese Experience of Economic Reforms, New York: St. Martin's Press.





    Labor Politics

  51. Carlile, Lonny E. (1994): "Party Politics and the Japanese Labor Movement." Asian Survey, Vol. XXXIV, no.7: 606-620.

  52. Dore, Ronald (1990): "Japan: A Nation Made for Corporatism?" in C. Crouch and R. Dore (eds.) Corporatism and Accountability. Clarendon Press.

  53. Garon, Sheldon, and Mike Mochizuki (1993): "Negotiating Social Contracts." In Andrew Gordon (ed.) Postwar Japan as History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  54. Hiwatari, Nobuhiro (1998):"Adjustment to Stagflation and Neoliberal Reforms in Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States." Comparative Political Studies, Vol.31, No.5.
    Hiwatari argues that, while neoliberal reforms in UK and the U.S. reinforced party polarization, the reform in Japan led to party convergence. As factors contributing to party convergence, he points out industry-centered adjustment and bureaucratic coordination. These factors were not present in the neo-liberal reforms in UK and the U.S. He also points out that unions played an important role in bridging ideological differences between the LDP and opposition parties (except the communists) in Japan. The Japanese way of organizing social interests provides an alternative to the pluralism-neocorporatism dichotomy. In sum, Hiwatari suggests that the distribution of the burden due to the retrenchment of the state among affected parties in Japan did not produce obvious losers and winners, while that in the two other countries did, thus provoking counter-mobilization against the neo-liberal reforms.

  55. Inagami, Takeshi (1992): "On Japanese-style neo-corporatism: era of a tripartite 'honeymoon'?" International Journal of Japanese Sociology, Number 1: 61-77.

  56. Kume, Ikuo (1988): "Changing relations among the government, labor, and business in Japan after the oil crisis." International Organization, 42, 4: 659-687.

  57. Kume, Ikuo (1997): "Cooptation or New Possibility? Japanese Labor Politics in the Era of Neo-Conservatism." In M. Muramatsu and F. Naschild (eds.) State and Administration in Japan and Germany. New York: Walter de Gruyter.

  58. Miura, Mari (2001): "The New Politics of Labor: Shifting Veto Points and Representing the Un-organized," Discussion Paper Series No. F-93, Institute of Social Science .

  59. Miura, Mari (2008) Labor politics in Japan during the lost fifteen years; from the politics of productivity to the politics of consumption. Labor History. Vol.49, No.2: 161-176.

  60. McNamara, Dennis (1996): "Corporatism and Cooperation among Japanese Labor," Comparative Politics, Vol.28: 379-397.

  61. Otake, Hideo (1990): "Defense Controversies and One-Party Dominance: The Opposition in Japan and West Germany." In T.J. Pempel (ed.) Uncommon Democracies : the one-party dominant regimes. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

  62. Pempel, T.J. and K. Tsunekawa (1979): "Corporatism without Labor? The Japanese Anomaly." In Philippe Schmitter and Gerhard Lehmbruch (eds.) Trends toward Corporatist Intermediation. London: Sage Publications: 231-270.
    The "corporatism without labor" thesis put forth by Pempel and Tsunekawa may be seen as the starting point of debates over the nature of political economy in Japan.

  63. Pempel, T.J. (1999): "The enticement of corporatism: Appeals of the 'Japanese model' in developing Asia" in Dennis L. McNamara (ed.) Corporatism and Korean Capitalism Routledge.

  64. Shalev, M. (1990): "Class Conflict, Corporatism and Comparison: A Japanese Enigma." In S.N. Eisenstadt and Eyal Ben-Ari (eds.) Japanese Models of Conflict Resolution. London: Kegan Paul Internaitonal.

  65. Shimada, Haruo (1983): "Wage Determination and Information Sharing: An Alternative Approach to Incomes Policy?" The Journal of Industrial Relations, June, 1983: 177-200.

  66. Shinada, Haruo (1992): "Structural Adaptation of the Japanese Economy and Labor Market," in Tizano Teru (ed.) Participation in Public Policy-Making: the Role of Trade Unions and Employers' Associations. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

  67. Shirai, Taishiro (1983): "Japanese Labor Unions and Politics," in Taishiro Shirai (ed.)Contemporary Industrial Relations in Japan. University of Wisconsin Press.

  68. Shinoda, Toru (1997): "Heisei labour politics: a long and winding road," in Purnendra Jain and Takashi Inoguchi (eds.) Japanese Politics Today: Beyond Karaoke Democracy?Macmillan.

  69. Shinoda, Toru (1997): "Rengo and policy participation: Japanese-style neo-corporatism?" in Mari Sako and Hiroki Sato (eds.), Japanese Labour and Management in Transition: Diversity, flexibility and participation. London: Routledge.
    This paper examines the historical development of national centers and their relations with political parties, the unification movement of the politically-divided national centers, and the development of "Japanese-style neo-corporatiosm" since the mid-1970s.

  70. Tsujinaka, Yutaka (1993): "Rengo and its Osmotic Networks." In Garry D. Allison and Yasunori Sone (eds.) Political Dynamics in Contemporary Japan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.





    Industrial Relations in General, Industrial Relations in Large Private-Sector Firms

  71. Akita, Joju (1996): "Japanese Industrial Practices and the Employment Contract," in Ian Nish, Gordon Redding and NG Sek-hong (eds.), Work and Society: Labour and Human Resources in East Asia. Hong Kong University Press.

  72. Ben-Ari, E. (1990): "Ritual, Strikes, Ceremonial Slowdowns: Some Thoughts on the Management of Conflict in Large Japanese Enterprises." Japanese Models of Conflict Resolution. London: Kegan Paul Internaitonal.

  73. Benson, John (1994): "The Economic Effects of Unionism on Japanese Manufacturing Enterprises." British Journal of Industrial Relations 32, 1: 1-21.

  74. Benson, John (1996): "A Typology of Japanese Enterprise Unions." British Journal of Industrial Relations 34, 3: 371-386.

  75. Benson, Johan and Philippe Debroux (2000): "Japanese Trade Unions at the Crossroads: Dilemmas and Opportunities Created by Globalization," in Chris Rowley and John Benson (eds.) Globalization and Labour in the Asia Pacific Region London: Frank Cass.

  76. Brandt, Gerhard (1987): "Socil-Cultural vs. Social-Economic Determinants of the Industrial Relations Systems of Japan and Germany," in Jachim Bergmann and Shigeyoshi Tokunaga (eds.), Economic and Social Aspects of Industrial Relations: A Comparison of the German and the Japanese Systems. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag GmbH.

  77. Briggs, Pamela (1988): "The Japanese at work: illusions of the ideal," Industrial Relations Journal, Vol.19, No.1.

  78. Brunello, Giorgio (1992): "The Effect of Unions on Firm Performance in Japanese Manufacturing," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol.45, No.3.

  79. Cho, Young-Hoon (1996): "The Growth of Enterprise Welfare in Japan," Economic and Industrial Democracy, Vol.17 Number2.

  80. Confederation of Japan Automobile Workers' Unions (1999): "The Future of Japanese Automobile Industry: Toward Coexistence with the World, Consumers and Employees," in Munck, Ronald and Peter Waterman (eds.) Labour worldwide in the era of globalization: alternative union models in the new world order. St. Martin's Press.

  81. Dean, Amy B. and Poncho J Guevara (2001) "New Economic Challenge to Japan's Trade Union Movement." WorkingUSA. 4 (4): 59?83.

  82. Deutschmann, Christoph (1987): "Economic Restructuring and Company Unionism- the Japanese Model." Economic and Industrial Democracy. Vol.8:463-488.

  83. Dore, Ronald (1996): "Unions between Class and Enterprise."Industrielle Beziehungen. 3 Jg., Heft 2: 154-172.

  84. Endo, Koshi (1994): "Satei (Personal Assessment) and Interworker Competition in Japanese Firms."Industrial Relations. Vol.33, No.1: 70-82.

  85. Endo, Koshi (1997): "Sex and Union Member Discrimination under the Satei System in the Japanese Firm," Review of Radical Political Economies. 29 (2).

  86. Endo, Koshi (1998): "'Japanization' of a performance appraisal system: a historical comparison of the American and Japanese systems," Social Science Japan Journal, Volume 1, Issue 2.

  87. Fujimura, Hiroyuki (1997): "New unionism: beyond enterprise unionism?"in Mari Sako and Hiroki Sato (eds.), Japanese Labour and Management in Transition: Diversity, flexibility and participation. London: Routledge.

  88. Freeman, Richard B. and Marcus Rebick (1989): "Crumbling Pillar? Declining Union Density in Japan." Journal of the Japanese and International Economies. 3: 578-605.

  89. Fuess, Jr., Scott M. (1999): "Does Consensus Bargaining Control Labor Costs in Japan? Evidence from the 'Bubble Economy' and Its Aftermath," Journal of Labor Research. Vol.XX, No.2: 233-245.

  90. Gordon, Andrew (1993): "Contests for the Workplace." In Andrew Gordon (ed.) Postwar Japan as History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  91. Grint, Keith (1993): "Japanisation? Some early lessons from the British Post Office," Industrial Relations Journal, 24, 1: 14-27.

  92. Gronning, Terje (1998): "Whither the Japanese employment system? The position of the Japan Employers' Federation." Industrial Relations Journal, 29, 4: 295-303.

  93. Hanami, Tadashi (1984): "Conflict and Its Resolution in Industrial Relations and Labor Law. in Ellis S. Krauss, Thomas P. Rohlen, Patricia G. Steinhoff (eds.), Conflict in Japan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

  94. Hanami, Tadashi (1989): "Industrial Democracy," in Takeshi Ishida and Ellis S. Krauss (eds.), Democracy in Japan. University of Pittsburgh Press.

  95. Hasegawa, Harukiyo (1993): "Japanese Employment Practices and Industrial Relations: The Road to Union 'Compliance,'" Japan Forum. Vol.5 No.1: 21-35.

  96. Hisamoto, Norio (1994): "Labor-Management Relations in Japanese Automobile Manufacturers, Focusing on Company B."
  97. The Kyoto University Economic Review. Vol.LXIV No.2: 23-32.

  98. Hyodo, Tsutomu (1987): "Participatory Management and Japanese Workers' Consciousness," in Jachim Bergmann and Shigeyoshi Tokunaga (eds.), Economic and Social Aspects of Industrial Relations: A Comparison of the German and the Japanese Systems. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag GmbH.

  99. Inagami, Takeshi (1996):"The Death of the 'Labour Movement' and the 'Japanization' of Industrial Relations." Industrielle Beziehungen. 3 Jg., Heft 2: 173-186.

  100. Inagami, Takeshi (2001): "From Industrial Relations to Investor Relations? Persistence and Change in Japanese Corporate Governance, Employment Practices and Industrial Relations, Social Science Japan Journal, Vol.4, No.2. pp. 225-241.

  101. Inoue, Sadahiko (2002): "Japanese trade unions and their future: Opportunities and challenges in an era of globalization." In A.V. Jose, ed., Organized Labour in the 21st Century. Geneva:International Institute for Labour Studies.

  102. Ishikawa, Akihiro (1984): "Japanese trade-unionism in a changing environment," International Social Science Journal, Vol.36: 271-83.

  103. Iwata, Ryushi (1992); "The Japanese Enterprise as a Unified Body of Employees: Origins and Development." in Shumpei Kumon and Henry Rosovsky (eds.)The Political Economy of Japan: Volume 3, Cultural and Social Dynamics. California: Stanford University Press.

  104. Kamada, Toshiko (1994): "'Japanese Management' and the 'Loaning' of Labour: Restructuring in the Japanese iron and steel industry." Tony Elger and Chris Smith (eds.) Global Japanization? London: Routledge.
    Kamada analyzes the impact of large-scale rationalization programs carried out by one of the major steel firms on the union and its members. She shows that the steel firm "loaned" redundant workers to outside firms increased, and that the union did virtually nothing to regulate the loaning of redundant workers to outside firms. She points out that working conditions of steelworkers (both workers who remained in the firm and workers who were loaned to outside firms) became poorer.

  105. Kassalow, E. (1983): "Japan as an Industrial Relations Model," The Journal of Industrial Relations 25:201-19.

  106. Katzenstein, P.J. (1988): "Japan, Switzerland of the Far East?" in Takashi Inoguchi and Daniel Okimoto (eds.) The Political Economy of Japan: Volume 2 the changing international context. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

  107. Kawahito, Kiyoshi (1990): "Labor Relations in the Japanese Automobile and Steel Industries," Journal of Labor Research, Vol.XI, No.3: 231-237.

  108. Kawanishi, Hirosuke (1986): "The reality of enterprise unionism." In Gavan McCormack and Yoshi Sugimoto (eds.), Democracy in Contemporary Japan. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

  109. Kikuchi, Kozo (1984): "The Japanese Enterprise Union and Its Functions," in Tokunaga, Shigeyoshi and Joachim Bergmann (eds.) Industrial Relations in Transition: The cases of Japan and the Federal Republic of Germany. University of Tokyo Press.

  110. Koike, Kazuo (1983): "Internal Labor Markets: Workers in Large Firms," in Taishiro Shirai (ed.)Contemporary Industrial Relations in Japan. University of Wisconsin Press.

  111. Koike, Kazuo (1987): "Human Resource Management and Labor-Management Relations." In Kozo Yamamura and Yasukichi Yasuba (eds.) Political Economy of Japan: Volume 1, the Domestic Transformation. California: Stanford University Press.

  112. Koshiro, Kazutoshi (1983): "Development of Collective Bargaining in Postwar Japan," in Taishiro Shirai (ed.)Contemporary Industrial Relations in Japan. University of Wisconsin Press.

  113. Kumazawa, Makoto (1994): "Japan's Corporate Society and Democratic Education," Ampo Japan-Asia Quarterly Review. Vol.25, No.1.

  114. Kucera, David (2000): "Labor-Management Relations in Twentieth-Century Japan: A Review Essay," International Labor and Working Class History, No.58: pp.283-292.

  115. Kume, Ikuo (1993): "A Tale of Twin Industries: Labor Accommodation in the Private Sector." In Garry D. Allison and Yasunori Sone (eds.) Political Dynamics in Contemporary Japan. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    This paper explains behaviors of the steelworkers' unions and the coal miners' unions based on the degree to which the steel and coal mining industries were exposed to market pressures. Since the steel industry was exposed to market pressures, the steelworkers' unions engaged in "politics of productivity" with management and cooperated with management in productivity increase. The coal miners' unions, on the other hand, were not interested in improvement of productivity and instead took a politically-oriented strategy by seeking the protection of the industry by the government. This was because the coal mining industry was not exposed to market pressures.

  116. Kurokawa, Toshio (1989): "Problems of the Japanese Working Class in Historical Perspective." In T. Morris-Suzuki and T. Seiyama (eds.), Japanese Capitalism since 1945: Critical Perspectives. Armonk, New York: An East Gate Book.

  117. Kuruvilla, Sarosh, Daniel G. Gallagher, Jack Fiorito, and Mitsuru Wakabayashi (1990): "Union Participation in Japan: Do Western Thories Apply?" Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol.43, No.4.

  118. Kuwahara, Yasuo (1993): "Industrial Relations in Japan." In Greg J. Bamber and Russel D. Lansbury (eds.), Industrial and comparative industrial relations: A study of industrialized market economies, second edition. Allen and Unwin: 220-244.

  119. Kyotani, Eiji (1999): "New Managerial Strategies of Japanese Corporations," In Alan Felsted and Nick Jewson (eds.), Global Trends in Flexible Labour. Macmillan Business.

  120. Kwon, Hyeong-ki. 2004. "Japanese Employment Relations in Transition." Economic and Industrial Democracy. 25: 325-345.

  121. Lazonick, William (1995): "Cooperative employment relations and Japanese economic growth," in Juliet Schor and Jong-Il You (eds.) Capital, the State and Labour: A Global Perspective. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.

  122. Levine, Solomon B. (1996): "The Japanese Labour Movement Under Rengo Leadership," in Ian Nish, Gordon Redding and NG Sek-hong (eds.), Work and Society: Labour and Human Resources in East Asia. Hong Kong University Press.

  123. Lincoln, James R. and Yoshifumi Nakata (1997): "The Transformation of the Japanese Employment System: Nature, Depth, and Origins." Work and Occupations, Vol.24, No.1: 33-55.

  124. Matsuzaki, Tadashi (1983): "Wage Negotiation in the Japanese Steel Industry: Key Bargaining in Shunto." Australia-Japan Research Center Research Paper No.106.

  125. Miller, Ronald L. and Matthew Matsukichi Amano (1995): "Trade Unions in Japan: the Consequences of Enterprise Unionism," New Zealand Journal of Industrial Relations, 20(1):35-48.

  126. Marsh, Robert M. (1992): "The Difference Between Participation and Power in Japanese Factories", Industrial and Labor Relations Review:250-7.

  127. Mawatari, Shohken (1987): "Stagflation and Industrial Relations: Working of Japanese Industrial Relations since the First Oil Crisis," in Jachim Bergmann and Shigeyoshi Tokunaga (eds.), Economic and Social Aspects of Industrial Relations: A Comparison of the German and the Japanese Systems. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag GmbH.

  128. Morishima, Motohiro (1991): "Information Sharing and Firm Performance in Japan." Industrial Relations, Vol.30, No.1: 37-61.

  129. Morishima, Motohiro (1995):"Embedding HRM in a Social Context." British Journal of Industrial Relations. 33,4: 617-640.

  130. Mouer, Ross E. (1989): "Japanese Model of Industrial Relations: Warnings or Opportunities?" Hitotsubashi Journal of Social Studies.Vol.21, no.1: 105-124.

  131. Muto, Ichiro (1984): "Class Struggle on the Shopfloor." Ampo: Japan-Asia Quarterly Review. Vol.16, No.3: 38-49.

  132. Muto, Ichiro (1986): "Class struggle in postwar Japan." In Gavan McCormack and Yoshi Sugimoto (eds.), Democracy in Contemporary Japan. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

  133. Nakamura, Keisuke (1997): "Worker Participation: Collective Bargaining and joint consultation." in Mari Sako and Hiroki Sato (eds.), Japanese Labour and Management in Transition: Diversity, flexibility and participation. London: Routledge.

  134. Nakamura, Keisuke and Michio Nitta (1995): "Developments in Industrial Relations and Human Resource Practices in Japan." In Richard Locke, Thomas Kochan, and Michael Piore (eds.) Employment Relations in a Changing World Economy.Cambridge, Mass: the MIT Press.

  135. Nakamura, Keisuke and Shin'o Hiraki (1997): "Japan," in Harry C. Katz (ed.) Telecommunications: Restructuring Work and Employment Relations Worldwide. Ithaca: ILR Press.

  136. Nimura, Kazuo (1994):"Post-Second World War labour relations in Japan." In Jim Hagan and Andrew Wells (eds.), Industrial Relations in Australia and Japan. Allen & Unwin.
    This paper examines the development of the labor movement since 1945, particularly its formative period in the second half of the 1940s and 1950s. The paper points out "two main reasons why Japanese labour relations have differed from those of the West." One is the absence of "a tradition of craft unionism" in Japan, and the other is that "Japanese blue-collar workers felt no particular pride in being members of the working class."

  137. Nishinarita, Yutaka (1998):"Japanese-style industrial relations in historical perspective." In Harukiyo Hasegawa and Glenn D. Hook (eds.) Japanese Business Management. Routledge: 195-216.

  138. Nitta, M. (1984): "Conflict Resolution in the Steel Industry-Collective bargaining and Workers' Consultation in a Steel Plant," in T. Hanami and R. Blanpain (eds.)Industrial Conflict Resolution in Market Economies: A Study of Australia, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Japan and the USA. Deventer, Netherlands: Kluwer Law and Txation Publishers.

  139. Nitta, Michio (1997): "Business diversification strategy and employment relations: The case of the Japanese chemical textile industry," in Sato Hiroki and Mari Sako (eds.) Japanese Labour and Management in Transition: diversity, flexibility and participation, London: Routledge.
    Two major components of the Japanese style employment system are "the principle of homogeneous treatment of employees" and the lifetime employment practice. Nitta's case study shows how chemical textile companies tried to maintain the principle of homogeneity in treating their employees in the face of the companies' diversification strategies. The solution of the strategic dilemma for these companies was to "loan" workers to subsidiaries established for new lines of business (what Nitta calls "organizational diversification").

  140. Nomura, Masami (1987): "A Comparison between Japanese and German Industrial Relations in Historical Perspective," in Jachim Bergmann and Shigeyoshi Tokunaga (eds.), Economic and Social Aspects of Industrial Relations: A Comparison of the German and the Japanese Systems. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag GmbH.

  141. Nomura, Masami (1991): "Organization and Activities of the Japanese Enterprise Union-A Case of the Automobile Industry-" Okayama Daigaku Keizai Gakkai Zasshi, (Okayama Economic Review) Vol.22. No.3/4: 153-176.

  142. Nomura, Masami (1994): "Labor Unions in Japan - Philosophy, Structure, Activities -," Okayama Daigaku Keizai Gakkai Zasshi, (Okayama Economic Review) Vol.25. No.3: 141-164.

  143. Nomura, Masami (1996): "Excerpts from Shushin Koyo[Lifetime Employment]," Japanese Economic Studies, Vol24, No.1.

  144. Ohashi, Taiji (1984): "What's Wrong with the Practice of Japanese Management?---Worker's Perception of Industrial Relations System," Oyo Shakaigaku Kenkyu, (The Journal of Applied Sociology, The College of Social Relations Rikkyo (St. Paul's) University), No.25: 205-225.

  145. Ohki, Kazunori (1998):"New trends in enteprise unions and the labor movement." In Harukiyo Hasegawa and Glenn D. Hook (eds.) Japanese Business Management. Routledge: 217-240.

  146. Okayama, Reiko (1986): "Industrial Relations in the Japanese Automobile Industry 1945-70: the Case of Toyota," in Steven Tolliday and Jonathan Zeitlin (eds.) The Automobile Industry and its Workers: Between Fordism and Flexibility. Cambridge: Polity Press.

  147. Rahman, Khondaker Mizanur (1989): "Trade Union and Industrial Relations in Japan,"Graduate School of Chuo University Ronkyu, Vol.22. No.1: 39-63.

  148. Park, S.J.(1984): "Labour-Management Consultation as a Japanese Type of Participation: An International Comparison," in Tokunaga, Shigeyoshi and Joachim Bergmann (eds.) Industrial Relations in Transition: The cases of Japan and the Federal Republic of Germany. University of Tokyo Press.

  149. Park, Sung-Jo (1987): "Socil-Cultural vs. Social-Economic Determinants in the Industrial Relations Systems of Japan and Germany- Comments on Converging Trends," in Jachim Bergmann and Shigeyoshi Tokunaga (eds.), Economic and Social Aspects of Industrial Relations: A Comparison of the German and the Japanese Systems. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag GmbH.

  150. Sako, Mari (1997): "Introduction: Forces for homogeneity and diversity in the Japanese industrial relations system." In Mari Sako and Hiroki Sato (eds.) Japanese Labour and Management in Transition: diversity, flexibility and participation, London: Routledge.

  151. Sako, Mari (1997): "Shunto: the role of employer and union coordination at the industry and inter-sectoral levels."in Mari Sako and Hiroki Sato (eds.), Japanese Labour and Management in Transition: Diversity, flexibility and participation. London: Routledge.

  152. Sako, Mari and Gregory Jackson. 2006. "Strategy Meets Institutions: The Transformation of Management-Labor Relations at Deutsche Telekom and NTT. Industrial and Labor Relations Review. Vo.59., No.3.: 347-366.

  153. Sakoh, Katsuro (1990): "Economic Implications of Enterprise Unionism," Journal of Labor Research, Vol.XI, No.3: 257-267.

  154. Seifert, Wolfgang (1988): "Some Thoughts on the Problem of Internal Union Democracy in Japan." Economic and Industrial Democracy. Vol.9:373-395.

  155. Shimada, Haruo (1988): "Japanese trade unionism: Postwar evolution and future prospects. Labour and Society. Vol.13, No,2: 203-223.

  156. Shimada, Haruo (1992):"Japan's Industrial Culture and Labor-Management Relations. in Shumpei Kumon and Henry Rosovsky (eds.)The Political Economy of Japan: Volume 3, Cultural and Social Dynamics. California: Stanford University Press.

  157. Shinoda, Toru (2008) Introduction: the return of Japanese labor? The mainstreaming of the labor question in Japanese politics. Labor History. Vol.49, No.2: 145-159.

  158. Shirai, Taishiro (1983): "A Theory of Enterprise Unionism," in Taishiro Shirai (ed.)Contemporary Industrial Relations in Japan. University of Wisconsin Press.

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  161. Suzuki, Akira (1998):"The Impact of the Decentralization of Collective Bargaining on the Internal Politics of Unions" The Journal of Social Science (International Christian University, Tokyo Japan): 105-125.

  162. Suzuki, Akira (1998): "Toward an Alternative Analytic Approach to the Internal Politics of Unions,"International Journal of Japanese Sociology, Number 7: 45-63.
    This paper discusses theoretical issues in analyzing the internal politics of unions in Japan. The main argument is that the autonomy of unions' internal political processes from management should not be assumed and that the very development of internal politics of unions may be influenced by the actors with which the unions interact. The paper first reviews previous research on the internal politics of unions in Western countries and discusses a model of internal union politics based on these studies. Second, it reviews previous studies of enterprise unions in Japan and considers why these studies have been indifferent to the internal politics. Third, the paper proposes an alternative approach to internal union politics by synthesizing insights from previous studies of unions and union politics in Western countries and Japan. The approach is based on the concept of the "political space" of unions. Fourth, application of the alternative approach to the development of internal politics of the enterprise union of Yahata Steel (from 1970, Nippon Steel), the largest steel firm in Japan, shows how the union's political space has become more narrow over time. Finally, the paper concludes by noting the relevance of the proposed approach to studies of union-management relations in other industrialized countries.

  163. Suzuki, Akira (2000): "The transformation of the vision of labor unionism: internal union politics in the Japanese steel industry in the 1960s," Social Science Japan Journal, Volume 3 (1): 77-93.

  164. Suzuki, Akira. (2003): "Review Article: Industrial Relations in the Automobile and Steel industries." East Asia: Comparative Perspective. 2003. Vol.1 (Institute for East Asian Studies Dong-A University): 205-239.

  165. Suzuki, Akira (2003): "The death of unions' associational life? Political and cultural aspects of enterprise unions." in Frank Schwartz, Susan Pharr, eds., The State of Civil Society in Japan. Cambridge University Press: 195-213.

  166. Suzuki, Akira (2004): "The Rise and Fall of Interunion Wage Coordination and Tripartite Dialogue in Japan." in Harry Charles Katz, Wonduck Lee, Joohee Lee, eds. The New Structure of Labor Relations: Tripartism and Decentralization Cornell University Press.

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  168. Tabata, Hirokuni (1998): "Community and efficiency in the Japanese firm," Social Science Japan Journal, Volume 1, Issue 2.

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  172. Taira, Koji and Solomon B. Levine (1996): "Employment Flexibility and Joblessness in Low-Growth, Restructured Japan." Annals, AAPSS. 544: 140-153.

  173. Takagi, Ikuro (1984): "Japanese Trade Unions' Responses to Microelectronization," in Tokunaga, Shigeyoshi and Joachim Bergmann (eds.) Industrial Relations in Transition: The cases of Japan and the Federal Republic of Germany. University of Tokyo Press.

  174. Takagi, Ikuro (1987): "Determination of Wages in Japan," in Jachim Bergmann and Shigeyoshi Tokunaga (eds.), Economic and Social Aspects of Industrial Relations: A Comparison of the German and the Japanese Systems. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag GmbH.

  175. Takagi, Ikuro (1992): "The Formation of Rengo and Strategies of the Japanese Labour Movement for the Development of Labour Standards," in Shigeyoshi Tokunaga, Norbert Altmann, and Helmut Demes (eds.) New Impacts on Industrial Relations: Internationalization and Changing Production Strategies. Monographien aus dem Deutschen Institut fur Japanstudien der Philipp-Franz-von-Siebold-Stiftung.

  176. Takahashi, Yukichi (1997):"The Labor Market and Lifetime Employment in Japan." Economic and Industrial Democracy. Vo.18 No.1: 55-66.
    This paper argues that "Japan's labor market and unemployment are more similar to those in Western countries than is usually understood," and that "lifetime employment" covers only 20-30 percent of all workers. Even men in large firms supposedly guaranteed lifetime employment face increasing employment insecurity when they become middle-aged.

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  179. Tokunaga, Shigeyoshi (1984): "The Structure of the Japanese Labour Market," in Tokunaga, Shigeyoshi and Joachim Bergmann (eds.) Industrial Relations in Transition: The cases of Japan and the Federal Republic of Germany. University of Tokyo Press.

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  186. Tsuru, Tsuyoshi and James B. Rebitzer (1995): "The Limits of Enterprise Unionism: Prospects for Continuing Union Decline in Japan." British Journal of Industrial Relations. 33, 3: 459-492.

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  190. Weathers, Charles (2001): "Globalization and the Paradigm Shift in Japanese Industrial Relations," in Candland, Christopher and Rudra Sil(eds.), The Politics of Labor in a Global Age: Continuity and Change in Late-industrializing and Post-socialist Economies. Oxford University Press.

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  194. Whittaker, D. Hugh (1998): "Labour unions and industrial relations in Japan: crumbling pillar or forging a 'third way'?" Industrial Relations Journal 29, 4: 280-303.
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    Industrial Relations in Small- and Medium-Size Private-Sector Firms and in the Public Sector

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  202. Koshiro, Kazutoshi (1983): "Labor Relations in Public Enterprises," in Taishiro Shirai (ed.)Contemporary Industrial Relations in Japan. University of Wisconsin Press.

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  205. Koshiro, Kazutoshi (2001): "Japanese Public Sector Employment," in Carlo Dell'Aringa and Giuseppe Della Rocca, and Berdt Keller (eds.), Strategic Choices in Reforming Public Service Employment: An International Handbook. New York: Palgrave.

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  209. Ota, Haruo (1985): "Political Teacher Unionism In Japan," in Martin Lawn (ed.) The Politics of Teacher Unionism: International Perspectives. London: Croom Helm.

  210. Sato, Hiroki (1997): "Labour-management relations in small and medium-sized enterprises: collective voice mechanisms for workers in non-unionized companies." in Mari Sako and Hiroki Sato (eds.), Japanese Labour and Management in Transition: Diversity, flexibility and participation. London: Routledge.

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    Labor Law

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    Work Organizations, Labor Process, Shopfloor Politics

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  231. Benders, Jos and Van Hootegem (2000): "How the Japanese got teams," in Stephen Procter and Frank Mueller (eds.) Teamworking, Macmillan Business.

  232. Cole, Robert E. (1987): "The Macropolitics of Organizational Change: A Comparative Analysis of the Spread of Small-Group Activities," in Carmen Sirianni (ed.) Work Participation and the Politics of Reform, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

  233. Dassbach, Carl H.A. (1993): "The Japanese World of Work and North American Factories." Critical Sociology, 20 No.1: 3-30.
    Dassbach conducts a comprehensive review of literature written in English on work organizations and shopfloor labor relations in Japanese factories and concludes that "capitalist production, regardless of its national variants [including Japan], is a process of exploiting labor." He then examines to what extent the Japanese world of work is reproduced in Japanese transplants in North America.

  234. Dassback, Carl H. (1996): "Lean Production, Labor Control, and Post-Fordism in the Japanese Automobile Industry." In William C. Green and Ernest J. Yanarella (eds.) North American Auto Unions in Crisis: Lean Production as Contested Terrain. Albany: State University of New York Press.

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    This article by Dose et al. may be seen as a starting point of the "Post-Fordism" debate (whether the labor process in Japan transcend the Fordist mode of mass production). The authors argue that " 'Toyotism' is simply the practice of the organizational principles of Fordism under conditions in which management prerogatives are largely unlimited."

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    This paper argues that previous studies of lean production such as those of Womack et al. and Berggren focus on relations between a production system and a labor organization and tend to overlook a management system at the plant level. The paper attempts to "clarify the characteristics of wage and personnel management and labor-management relations" in Japaense auto plants.

  240. Jurgens, Ulrich (1992): "Lean Production in Japan: Myth and Reality." In Institute Work and Technology (ed.) Lean production? A New Production Concept for a More Humanized Work? Dusseldorf: Hans Boeckler Foundations: 349-366.

  241. Kato, Tesuro and Rob Steven (1991): "Is Japanese Capitalism Post-Fordist?" Papers of Japanese Studies Centre, Monash University, no.16. Melbourne.

  242. Kumazawa, Makoto and Jun Yamada (1989): "Jobs and skulls under the lifelong nenko employment practice," in Stephen Wood (ed.) The Transformation of Work?: Skill, flexibility and labour process. London: Unwin Hyman.

  243. Lam, Alice (1996): "Work Organization, Skills Development and Utilisation of Engineers," in Rosemary Crompton, Duncan Gallie, and Kate Purcell (eds.)Changing Forms of Employment: Organization, skills and gender. London: Routledge.

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  245. Martin, Kenny and Richard Florida (1988): "Beyond Mass Production: Production and the Labor Process in Japan." Politics and Society, 16, no.1: 121-58.
    Kenny and Florida argue against the 'Toyotism' thesis put forth by Dose et al. by arguing that "the social organization of Japanese labor is not simply a better or more advanced version of fordism, it is a distict alternative to it."

  246. Nohara, Hikari (1999): "The Historic Reversal of the Division of Labour? The Second Stage of the Toyota Production System." In Jean-Pierre Durand, Paul Stewart and Juan Jose Castillo (eds.) Teamwork in the Automobile Industry: Radical Change or Passing Fashion? Macmillan Business.

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  248. Ogasawara, Koichi and Hirofumi Ueda (1996): "The Changing Nature of Japanese Production Systems in the 1990s and Issues for Labour Studies," in Paul Stewart (ed.) Beyond Japanese Management: The End of Modern Times?. Frank Cass.

  249. Price, John (1995): "Lean Production at Suzuki and Toyota: A Historical Perspective." In Steve Babson (ed.) Lean Work: Employment and Exploitation in the Global Auto Industry. Detroit: Wayne State University Press: 108-128.

  250. Ribault, Thierry (2000): "The organisation of working time in large Japanese retail firms," in Christophe Baret, Steffen Lehndorff, and Leigh Sparks (eds.) Flexible Working in Food Retailing: A comparison between France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Japan. London: Routledge.

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  252. Sey, Anne (2000):"Team Work in Japan: Revolution, Evolution or No Change at All?" Economic and Industrial Democracy Vol.21:475-503.

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    Gender and Labor

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  258. Broadbent, Kaye (2002): "flexibility at Work? The Feminisation of Part-Time Work in Japan," The Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol.44, No.1: 3-18.

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  260. Hanami, Takashi (1984): "Japan," in Alice H. Cook, Val R. Lorwin and Arlene Kalpan Daniels (eds.) Women and Trade Unions in Eleven Industrialized Countries. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

  261. Gottfried, Heidi and Nagisa Hayashi (1998):"Gendering Work: Deconstructing the Narrative of the Japanese Economic Miracle," Work, Employment and Society, 12, 1:25-46.

  262. Gottfried, Heidi (2002): "Compromising Positions: Emergent Neo-Fordisms and Embedded Gender Contracts," The British Journal of Sociology, 52, 2: 235-259.

  263. Kawashima Yoko (1995): "Female Workers: An Overview of Past and Current Trends," in Kumiko Fujimura-Fanselow and Atsuko Kameda (eds.), Japanese Women: New Feminist Perspectives on the Past, Present, and Future. New York: The Feminist Press at the City University of New York.

  264. Omori, Maki (1987):"Women Workers and the Japanese Industrial Relations System." In Joachim Bergmann and Shigeyoshi Tokunaga (eds.), Economic and Social Aspects of Industrial Relations: a Comparison of the German and the Japanese Systems. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.

  265. Omori, Maki (1993): "Gender and the Labor Market," Journal of Japanese Studies,19:1:79-102.

  266. Osawa, Machiko (1994): "Japanese-Style Employment Practices and Male-Female Wage Differentials." Japanese Economic Studies, Vol.22, Nos.5-6.

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